Capital Expenditures, Depreciation, and Disposal Wagner Company purchased a retail shopping center on January 1, 2009, at a cost of $612,000. Wagner estimated that its life would be 25 years and its residual value would be $12,000.
On January 1, 2010, the company made several expenditures related to the building. The entire building was painted and floors were refinished at a cost of $115,200. A local zoning agency required Wagner to install additional fire protection equipment, including sprinklers and built-in alarms, at a cost of $87,600. With the new protection, Wagner believed it was possible to increase the residual value of the building to $30,000.
In 2011, Wagner altered its corporate strategy dramatically. The company sold the retail shopping center on January 1, 2011, for $360,000 cash.
1. Determine the depreciation that should be on the income statement for 2009 and 2010.
2. Explain why the cost of the ﬁ re protection equipment was not expensed in 2010. What conditions would have allowed Wagner to expense it? If Wagner has a choice, would it prefer to expense or capitalize the equipment?
3. What amount of gain or loss did Wagner record when it sold the building? What amount of gain or loss would have been reported if the ﬁ re protection equipment had been expensed in 2010?