2. Why are covenants important in the Bible? What do they accomplish? Are they all the same, whether in structure or outlook? Do the different writers view them differently? What does the ancient Near Eastern background to the biblical covenant contribute to our understanding?
3. Dt 6:4 used to be translated
“Hear, O Israel: The LORD [YHWH] our God, the LORD [YHWH] is one.”
Currently, we translate
“Hear, O Israel: The LORD [YHWH] is our God, the LORD [YHWH] alone.”
In all likelihood, the second translation is grammatically preferable. What is the interpretive difference between “one” and “alone”? Is it significant? How, if at all, does this verse relate to the First Commandment? How does this verse relate to Gen 1:26, 3:22, and 11:7? How does this verse relate to the variant non-MT variant in Dt 32:8-9 (as reproduced in HarperCollins)? Why is any of this important?
Be sure to provide a careful, well-written essay which gives ample biblical examples (proof texts) to support the point(s) you wish to make.